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Athens

Below the Acropolis where we stayed

Acropolis

The Acropolis is an ancient citadel located above Athens and contains the remains of several ancient buildings of great architectural and historic significance, the most famous being the Parthenon. The word acropolis comes from the Greek words, akron (highest point, extremity) and polis (city).

It was Pericles in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the site’s most important buildings including the Parthenon, the Propylaia, the Erechtheion and the Temple of Athena Nike. The Parthenon and the other buildings were seriously damaged during the 1687 siege by the Venetians in the Morean War when gunpowder being stored in the Parthenon was hit by a cannonball and exploded.

A view of Athens from the Acropolis:

Propylaea

A propylaea is any monumental gateway in Greek architecture. The best known Greek example is the propylaea that serves as the entrance to the Acropolis. Today the Propylaea has been partly restored, since 1984 and serves as the main entrance to the Acropolis for the many thousands of tourists who visit the area every year.

Attempting to be statues on the Acropolis, but it was very very windy.

Temple of Athena Nike

The Temple of Athena Nike is a temple named after the Greek goddess, Athena Nike. Nike means victory in Greek and Athena was worshipped as the goddess of victory in war and wisdom. Built around 420BC, the temple is the earliest fully Ionic temple on the Acropolis.

Erechtion

An ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis. Built between 421 and 406 BCE. It derived its name from a shrine dedicated to the legendary Greek hero, King Erichthonious.

Pathenon

The Parthenon is a former temple dedicated to the goddess, Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Construction began in 447 BC and was completed in 438 BC, although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy and western civilization, and one of the world’s greatest cultural monuments. It has been used primarily as a treasury, then a Christian church as well as mosque after the Ottoman conquest.

On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures. From 1800 to 1803, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin removed some of the surviving sculptures with the alleged permission of the Ottoman Empire. These sculptures, now known as the Elgin Marbles or the Parthenon Marbles, were sold in 1816 to the British Museum, where they are now displayed. The British Museum has steadfastly refused to return the sculptures, and successive British governments have been unwilling to force the Museum to do so (which would require legislation). Since 1983 the Greek government has been committed to the return of the sculptures to Greece.  

Odeon of Herodes Atticus

The Odeon of Herodes Atticus is a theatre on the southwest slope of the Acropolis built in 161 AD by the Athenian magnate Herodes Atticus in memory of his wife, Aspasia Annia Regilla. It was originally a steep-sloped theatre with a three-story stone front wall and a wooden roof made of cedar of Lebanon timber. It was used as a venue for music concerts with a capacity of 5,000. It lasted intact until it was destroyed and left in ruins by the Heruli in 267 AD. It was renovated in 1950 and since then has been the main venue of the annual Athens festival.

Metropolitan Cathedral of Athens

The Metropolitan Cathedral of the Annunciation popularly known as the “Mētrópolis”, is the cathedral church of the Archbisopric of Athens and all Greece. Construction of the Cathedral began on Christmas Day, 1842 with the laying of the cornerstone by King Otto and Queen Amalia. Three architects and 20 years later, it was complete. The Cathedral is a three-aisled, domed basilica that measures 40 m long, 20 m wide, and 24 m high. Inside are the tombs of two saints killed by the Ottoman Turks during the Ottoman period: saint Philotheir and Patriarch Gregory V. The Metropolitan Cathedral remains a major landmark in Athens and the site of important ceremonies with national political figures present, as well as weddings and funerals of the rich and famous.

The Metropolitan Cathedral remains a major landmark in Athens and the site of important ceremonies with national political figures present, as well as weddings and funerals of the rich and famous.

Tower of the Winds

It sounds like it should be in Game of Thrones. Only just finished being restored, it is a Pentelic marble clocktower that functioned as a timepiece. The structure features a combination of sundials, a water clock, and a wind vane. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tower_of_the_Winds

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